surplus

surplus
/'sɜ:pləs/ noun
more of something than is needed
Profit figures are lower than planned because of surplus labour.
Some of the machines may have to be sold off as there is surplus production capacity.
We are proposing to put our surplus staff on short time.
these items are surplus to our requirements we do not need these items
to absorb a surplus to take a surplus into a larger amount
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‘Both imports and exports reached record levels in the latest year. This generated a $371 million trade surplus in June, the seventh consecutive monthly surplus and close to market expectations’ [Dominion (Wellington, New Zealand)]

Marketing dictionary in english. 2015.

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  • surplus — [ syrply ] n. m. • v. 1090; de sur et plus 1 ♦ Ce qui excède la quantité voulue. ⇒ excédent, excès, reste. Le surplus d une somme d argent. En surplus. ⇒ supplément. ♢ Écon. Excédent de l offre par rapport à la demande, conduisant à une baisse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surplus — sur·plus / sər ˌpləs/ n 1 a: an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied b: an excess of receipts over disbursements c: the value of assets after subtracting liabilities 2: an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value …   Law dictionary

  • Surplus — may refer to:* budget surplus, the opposite of a budget deficit * in economics, economic surplus (including producer surplus and consumer surplus), and capital surplus * an excess of production or supply over demand (see supply and demand) *… …   Wikipedia

  • surplus — SURPLÚS, surplusuri, s.n. Ceea ce este în plus, ceea ce depăşeşte necesarul; prisos, excedent. – Din fr. surplus. Trimis de ionel, 29.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  SURPLÚS s. excedent, plus, prisos, prisosinţă, (reg.) radăş, (înv.) prisoseală,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Surplus — Sur plus, a. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words. [1913 Webster] When the price of corn falleth, men give over surplus tillage, and break no more ground. Carew. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surplus — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. surplus, from M.L. superplus excess, surplus, from L. super over SUPER (Cf. super) + plus more (see PLUS (Cf. plus)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • surplus — Surplus, Ce qui reste, Quod superest, Superfluum. Le surplus ou surcroist qu on baille d avantage outre la mesure, Corollarium, Additamentum, Auctarium. Au surplus, Ad haec, Praeterea, Insuper …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • surplus — / sə:pləs/, it. /sur plus/ s. ingl. [dal fr. surplus sovrappiù ], usato in ital. al masch. 1. (econ.) a. [differenza positiva tra entrate e uscite] ▶◀ attivo, avanzo, plusvalenza, utile. ◀▶ passivo, perdita. b. [ciò che è in più] ▶◀ avanzo,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • surplus — n *excess, superfluity, surplusage, overplus Analogous words: *remainder, residue, residuum Antonyms: deficiency surplus adj *superfluous, supernumerary, extra, spare Contrasted words: *needful …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • surplus — [adj] extra de trop, excess, in excess, leftover, odd*, over, remaining, spare, superfluent, superfluous, supernumerary, too much, unused; concepts 560,781,824 Ant. essential, lacking, necessary, needing, wanting surplus [n] extra material… …   New thesaurus

  • surplus — [sʉr′plus΄, sʉr′pləs] n. [ME < OFr < sur , above (see SUR 1) + L plus, more (see PLUS)] 1. a quantity or amount over and above what is needed or used; something left over; excess 2. a) the excess of the assets of a business over its… …   English World dictionary

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